Recent Studies

Recently Completed Case Studies
Family Violence research and evalution
Former Family Violence Perpetrators’ Narratives of Change (2014)

The voices of perpetrators have largely been absent from research into family violence. In response, the Glenn Inquiry sought to gather the voices and experiences of family violence perpetrators to better understand what motivates positive change, and what can sustain this change to ensure that family violence perpetrator interventions are successful in supporting perpetrators to refrain from engaging in family violence. Kaitiaki was contracted to carry out research with former family violence perpetrators with the specific aim to explore and understand:
• possible contribution between early childhood exposure to family violence and adulthood family violence
• what led former perpetrators to acknowledge that family violence is unacceptable and choosing to desist from re-offending
• factors that may have contributed to delaying acknowledgement that family violence is unacceptable
• supports that assisted former perpetrators to change attitudes and behaviours that contributed to family violence
• what has led to the individual’s sustained dissidence from engaging in family violence
• from former perpetrators’ perspectives, what systemic changes might be required to prevent family violence

Not OK Campaign (2015)

The Campaign commissioned an evaluation to deepen its understanding of how it has supported change to address and prevent family violence at a community level. The evaluation involved carrying out case studies in seven diverse communities and sought to:
• identify the changes happening within communities – either behaviours or the factors that positively influence behaviours associated with family violence
• understand the impact of community-led initiatives to prevent family violence beyond the life of the funded projects
• identify where change is occurring and examine factors or themes that are emerging as common or critical.

Co-existence of animal cruelty and family violence (2012)

This Lotteries funded study examined the link between animal cruelty and family violence. This was a collaborative study between the Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges. The study drew on a combination of in-depth interviews and a survey of 203 Women’s Refuge clients and surveys of animal shelter managers.
Download full report here

Formative evaluation of Police Safety Orders (2012)

The New Zealand Police commissioned this formative evaluation. The evaluation focused on the roll out of the new legislation and aimed to understand the implementation of PSOs and to inform the policy and practices surrounding their use.
Download full report here

Understanding the Impact of the Family Violence Interagency Response System
(FVIARS) on Women’s Refuge Clients (2012)

An exploratory study carried out on behalf
of the National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges.

Family violence stocktake (2011)

Te Puni Kōkiri identified the need to better understand the family violence sector and whānau experiences as service recipients (offenders, victims and the whānau that support them that deal with the impacts of violence on a daily basis, their experiences of the ‘system’, how they supported each other and how the system supported or didn’t support them). Given this need an exploratory study, a stocktake, was commissioned to better understand the sector.

Te Whare Ruruhau o Meri (2009)

Te Puni Kōkiri commissioned the evaluation after justice officials noted a high rate of success of family violence offenders attending the programme. The evaluation was commissioned to explore why the programme had been noted as successfully assisting family violence perpetrators desist from reoffending.

Education research and evaluation
Māori Youth Educational Outcomes Monitoring Project

Te Puni Kōkiri commissioned this case study evaluation. The study drew on case study methodology to evaluate nine high school’s educational transition programmes with a particular aim of assessing the extent to which selected (Gateway, Youth Transition Services and Taioho Tu, Taiohi Ora) programmes support Māori youth to transition from secondary to tertiary education.

Alternative education formative evaluation Lower Hutt

This formative evaluation has been commissioned by the Ministry of Education. The evaluation employs an action research methodology and builds upon whānau ora.

Crime and justice research and evalutation
Violence in prison survey (2014)

AUT commissioned Kaitiaki to develop and administer an online survey of released inmates experiences with violence in prison. This is the first time that this type of research has been carried out in New Zealand and the findings were used to inform an upcoming three-year study of prison violence.

Gisborne Rangatahi Court: Improving Outcomes for Young Offenders (2010)

The Ministry of Justice, supported by Te Puni Kōkiri, the Ministries of Social Development, Health and Education and New Zealand Police, commissioned this exploratory research to better understand what stakeholders believed was needed to support young offenders going through the Rangatahi Court in order to improve their life outcomes, including reducing re-offending. This research supported
government’s priority Addressing the Drivers of Crime. The Drivers of Crime work considers how to hold offenders to account, while addressing the underlying causes of their offending (such as educational and health problems or alcohol dependence) and diverting them away from long term patterns of offending. Improving effectiveness for Māori, including supporting Māori designed,
developed and delivered solutions, is a particular focus of the Drivers of Crime work.

Hard to reach youth (CART) (2009)

Under the Justice Policy Project, Te Puni Kōkiri invested in a small number of interventions (up to June 2008) that were designed, developed and delivered by Māori providers and test facilitators of success for Māori in the justice sector. This work has contributed to an initial platform for developing an empirical evidence base about “what works‟ for Māori, while agencies develop options for sustainable funding streams.

Understanding the effects of imprisonment on inmates and their families (2009)

This study was commissioned by the National Health Committee. This qualitative research explored prisoners’ views on the effects of imprisonment on their health and wellbeing and their experiences with prison health and disability services. Fourteen family members participated in the post-release interviews. The report describes:
• the effects of prison culture and environment on health and wellbeing
• prisoners’ experiences with primary health care
• mental health and care
• dental health and care
• continuity of care and access to care after release
• the effects of imprisonment on family members.

An exploration of the abuse experienced by disabled people living in the New Zealand community (2013)

This Lotteries funded study was  commissioned by Tairawhiti Community Voice.  The study was inspired by a growing awareness of the abuse of disabled people living in the New Zealand community. Next, while international research has highlighted that disabled people are vulnerable to an array of abuse by family members, and those outside of the family charged with their provision of care, no such research has been conducted in New Zealand.
Download full report here

Needs of migrant sex workers (2013)

This Lotteries funded research examined issues relating to migrant sex workers in New Zealand and their occupational safety and health. There were three parts to the research: key informant interviews, self administered questionnaires, and a review of anonymised clinical data comparing migrant and non-migrant sex workers.

Specific research objectives included:

  • understand the New Zealand sex work context in which migrants are working
  • identify the specific needs of migrant sex workers with regards to occupational health and safety needs, sexual and reproductive needs and any other needs that may contribute to the general health of migrant sex workers
  • identify barriers and facilitators to migrant sex workers’ receipt of appropriate services and/or required assistance.

The research found that there were some vulnerabilities affecting migrant sex workers, both legislative and unique. There were also some concerns raised about some management practices in some brothels, though there was little evidence of trafficking indicators.

Te Ohu Rata o Aotearoa (2014)

Te Ohu Rata o Aotearoa (Te ORA), the Māori Medical Practitioners Association, engaged Kaitiaki to undertake a needs analysis of their membership base and New Zealand and Australasian Medical Colleges.  Kaitiaki developed two online surveys, one of which gathered baseline information about the indigenous responsiveness strategies of the medical colleges and the other which explored Māori medical doctors and trainee doctor’s experience with their respective medical colleges.  The results of the research informed Te ORA’s strategic direction and planning.

Strategy Development
Research strategy for the International Planned Parenthood Federation (2013)

International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) engaged Kaitiaki to identify potential research areas across the disaster cycle, relevant to its SPRINT Initiative, and to develop a research plan.  Kaitiaki identified research activities to support the mainstreaming of sexual reproductive health sector issues into disaster risk reduction policies and provided guidance on recommended research areas, types and methodologies and developed an implementation schedule and dissemination plan.  In the development of the research plan, Kaitiaki conducted a literature review and carried out semi-structured interviews with key international and regional representatives from humanitarian and sexual reproductive health agencies based in the Asia-Pacific region.  The research aided IPPF in responding to humanitarian and development challenges and provided opportunities to build the capacity of their partners in conducting and utilising research effectively.

Strategy for the National Collective of Women’s Refuges (2013)

The National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges (NCIWR) asked Kaitiaki to develop a Māori response strategy to complement the Capability Development Plan 2013-2015.

Community Engagement Research
Hutt City Council (2014)

The Hutt City Council commissioned Kaitiaki to conduct community engagement research surrounding community perceptions of the proposed Petone Arena.  Kaitiaki recruited young people, retirees and business owners in the local Petone community to participate in a series of focus groups.  The research explored community opinions of the proposed development and the reasons underlying the support or non-support of the project.  The results of the research provided the Hutt City Council with a deep understanding of the perspectives of these community members and helped inform their decision-making in regards to potential Council funding provision for the project.

NZ Fire Service (2014)

The New Zealand Fire Service asked Kaitiaki to conduct community engagement research to better understand how New Zealand communities value their local fire stations.  The overall aim of the project was to better understand community concerns so that the New Zealand Fire Service could communicate successfully with the community in regards to station location changes or closures. The study employed a participatory qualitative approach and comprised of a combination of semi-structured focus group and in-depth qualitative interviews with key stakeholders in three communities in New Zealand.  The study also included a thematic and content analysis of New Zealand newspaper articles about fire station relocations and closures published over a 15-year period.  The findings of the research have informed the New Zealand Fire Service’s development of a communication strategy to better manage future station closures and relocations.

Research and evaluation in the Pacific
Integrated Biological Surveillance Survey (2012, 2014)

Kaitiaki, in collaboration with Dr Elaine Mossman and SAN Fiji, was contracted by UNAIDS (Fiji) to carry out a survey of Fijian sex workers’ needs and experiences.  This research adopted a strongly participatory model and involved gathering biological samples to assess the prevalence of a range of STIs as well as surveying sex workers about their experiences.

Pacific Prevention of Domestic Violence Programme (PPDVP) (multiple years)

The Pacific Prevention of Domestic Violence Programme (PPDVP) is an initiative of the New Zealand Police, NZAID and the Pacific Islands Chiefs of Police, comprising 20 Pacific Island police services. The programme’s primary focus has been on raising the quality and effectiveness of law enforcement by building the capacity of Pacific Police services to prevent and respond effectively to domestic violence.
Kaitiaki has been working with PPDVP over the last five years undertaking a range of research and evaluation activities. These projects have included:
• a qualitative evaluation of PPDVP’s programme implementation
• an off-line survey of police officers attitudes and behaviour towards gender and sexual violence in five Pacific nations
• a domestic violence knowledge, attitude and practice survey (KAP) of police officers in five Pacific nations
• a case file attrition study, in five Pacific nations, tracked the journey of a number of randomly selected cases through the justice system from the initial report of a domestic violence incident to court.

Pacific Policing Programme (2014)

The Partnership for Pacific Policing (3P) programme is a four-year programme for capacity development of the Pacific police services in the Cook Islands, Kiribati, Niue, Tokelau, Tuvalu, Samoa and Vanuatu.  Kaitiaki has been commissioned by 3P to conduct research and evaluation in the Pacific nations in which their programme is running. Working alongside 3P and Pacific Police Services in the Cook Islands, Kiribati, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tuvalu and Vanuatu, Kaitiaki developed a knowledge, attitude and practice survey to establish a baseline measure of officers’ current knowledge of best practice policy versus their personal practice in three areas: community policing, prosecutions and ethics and human rights.  The evaluation also involved in-depth semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to develop an understanding of previous and current community policing, prosecutions and human rights and ethics training, training follow-up and staff supervision and what factors impact police practice in these areas. The findings of the evaluation will be utilised to develop recommendations to inform future planning and enhance delivery and monitoring of 3P training.

Communicatiuons and User Testing
Education New Zealand (2013)

As part of the re-development of their new international student website, Education New Zealand requested Kaitiaki conduct website user testing.  Kaitiaki recruited secondary, teritiary and English language students to take part in individual testing sessions that focussed on the design, content and interactive functionality of the website. The testing validated how easy it is to perform key tasks, confirmed the proposed site structure and confirmed that the intended information and functionality was understood by users.  The results informed the subsequent content and development phases of the website.

TouchCast (2014)

TouchCast engaged Kaitiaki to carry out website user testing to inform the information architecture of an international website.  Kaitiaki recruited New Zealand immigrants from a wide range of cultural backgrounds and held testing sessions that focused on the information architecture of the new website.  This exploratory testing provided early insights into the categories, labelling and function of the information and tools available on a redesigned website and helped to inform subsequent design, content and development choices.

Supervision and Capacity Development
Careers New Zealand (2014)

Kaitiaki was contracted by Careers New Zealand to mentor staff in order to build their research and evaluation capacity.  Kaitiaki delivered numerous research and evaluation workshops to the Careers Development Team and walked alongside staff in the completion of a literature review, thematic and content analysis of their web and phone interactions with clients and the development of a methodology for qualitative research with young people.  The findings that emerged from the research, conducted by staff mentored by Kaitiaki, has informed the organisation’s strategic planning around its engagement with young people.